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11.1 Discussions related desktop publishing
A. In pairs, discuss these questions
1. What kind of documents can be produced with a desktop publishing system?
>>Books, newspaper, magazines, newletters, leaflets, brochure, posters, advertisements and bussiness cards.
2.Page layout software is the key component of the desktop publishing system. Which file types can be imported into a page layout program?
>> Text, charts and graphs, drawings and illustrations, and photographs.
B. Read the text again and answer these questions
1.What type of software is used for the creation of DTP documents?
>> A page-layout program(also called a desktop publishing program or DTP pprogram)
2.What are three differences between DTP software and word processors?
>> DTP software is different from a word processor in that it uses hight-quality scalable fonts and gives you control over typographic features such as kerning. Another difference is the text flow feature.
3.What is a PDF and what can it do?
>> PDF means Portable Document Format, a standard format developed by Adobe which allows people to view, search and print documents exactly as the publisher intended.
4.Which program do you need to view a PDF document?
>> Adobe Acrobat Reader
5.Why do people send their DTP files to service bureaux?
>> Because CTP machines are expensive, and service bureaux offer services such as scanning and printing.
C . Find words in the text with the following meanings.
1.Shape, style and size of the typeface, for example Courier at 10pt
2.The process of adjusting the space between characters.
3.Feature that enables you to wrap text around image to be printed
4.Metal surfaces that carry the image to be printed
5.A machine that creates the printing plates.
Each tiny dot on the screen of a computer is (1)……called……. a picture element or pixels. Images and text are formed by combining a large(2)……number……… of pixels.
In a bit-mapped display, the dots displayed on the screen correspond, pixel by pixel, with bits in the(3)…computer’s……… memory of the computer. The bits are held in an area of the memory called the ‘refresh buffer’ and are stored (4)…in………. groups that represent the horizontal and vertical position of the pixels(5)….on………. the screen and whether the pixels are on or off.
On monochrome systems, one bit in this ‘map’ represents one pixel on the screen and can (6)…be…… either ‘on’ or ‘off’ (black or white). On colour systems, each pixel is a certain combination (7)……of… the three primary colours: red, green and blue. The total number of colours which can be (8)……displayed…… on the screen is called the colour palette. The size of this palette depends on the graphics adaptor, a separate video card (9)…which……. converts the bits into visual signals. A graphics adaptor with 1 bit per primary colour can generate up to 8, or 2 colours, as you can see(10)……in….. the table on page 20. A graphics adaptor with 8 bits per primary colour can generate 16.7 million or 8 colours.
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